Migraines can be triggered due to a number of reasons. One of these is odors or smells. According to studies, smell is the second most common trigger of migraines. Avoiding them should help you to reduce the occurrence of migraine attacks. There are medications that can be taken to help alleviate triggers, such as Vyepti, Qulipta, Advil, Tylenol, Excedrin, and Motrin.
A trigger is something that causes a migraine flare-up, such as a strong smell or odor. Sensitivity to smell, also known as hyperosmia, is a symptom of the condition similar to light sensitivity. In some cases, this sensitivity can cause other symptoms, such as nausea. According to studies and estimates, the following odors can trigger migraines:
Perfume triggers headaches and migraines in 75 to 95 percent of people who are sensitive to odors. To prevent or avoid a migraine attack, you could make your family, friends, and co-workers aware of your condition. You can use essential oils, such as lemon, topically under your nose or diffuse it in your room to cover up strong smells.
2. Cleaning products
80 percent of people who suffer from migraines stated that cleaning products are the common triggers for their condition. The strong smell of bleach affects a large number of sufferers. Using a face scarf or surgical mask when handling cleaning products can be beneficial. You can also try nose plugs.
3. Cigarette smoke
Cigarette smoke is known to trigger migraine symptoms in a large number of patients. Limiting your exposure to cigarette smoke by avoiding being in close proximity to smokers and being in non-smoking areas can help to a great extent. Also, avoid secondhand smoke in order to prevent a migraine episode.
4. Car exhaust
About 70 percent of those suffering from migraines are triggered by car exhaust. Limiting the amount of time you spend in an enclosed space, such as a parking area or garage, or restricting your time spent in a vehicle, could be helpful. The strong smell of gasoline is also known to trigger migraines in many people.
Migraines triggered by the smell of paint account for about 40 percent. Avoid freshly painted areas or open a window for air circulation if you have to be in one.
According to studies and research, other smells and odors that have also been found to trigger headaches and migraines are cooking smells, such as food being fried, among others. Hence, opening up a window when cooking or using a chimney or hood could be useful.
Being aware of the common odor triggers for migraines is necessary. Keeping a track of the odors and smells that trigger a migraine or worsen your condition can be useful in effectively managing your condition.