COPD is a severe lung disorder that obstructs the airflow, leading to difficulty in breathing. The damage caused due to the disease also tends to be irreversible. However, making changes to food habits can help in managing the condition. Foods that are rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties can help lower the risk of COPD and improve overall pulmonary function. Here are a few dietary tips that can help one manage COPD.
1. Eat fewer carbohydrates
One of the tips to help manage COPD includes reducing the intake of carbohydrates like sugar, soft drinks, and bakery products. It can help reduce the production of carbon dioxide. However, people who are suffering from this condition can eat whole-grain bread and multiple types of fresh fruits and vegetables to maintain their energy levels.
2. Add fiber to the diet
People suffering from COPD need to include at least 25 to 30 grams of fiber in their daily diet. This can be achieved by consuming fiber-rich foods like vegetables, brown rice, fruits, nuts, and whole-grain pasta. This will ensure that the digestive system stays healthy and the blood-glucose level remains under check.
3. Concentrate on protein
Adding a good amount of protein to a diet can help in building strong respiratory muscles. Additionally, protein also helps in boosting nutrition levels while improving overall health. This will help one remain healthy. Some of the best choices for protein include cheese, chicken, peas, nuts, and eggs.
4. Include healthy fats
Adding monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats that do not comprise cholesterol, like olive oil, coconut oil, nuts, and avocados, can help. Such foods can improve health. However, if weight is a concern, one must limit the intake of these fats.
5. Improve calcium level
People suffering from COPD are often administered steroids. It has major effects on how the body uses calcium and vitamin D to build bones. Steroids can lead to bone loss and even osteoporosis. Therefore, including dairy products like milk and cheese can help in maintaining the calcium level in the body.
6. Limit salt consumption
Lowering the intake of sodium in the diet is one of the important dietary tips for COPD. A high level of sodium causes water retention in the body, which can lead to breathlessness. Using spices and flavors that have no-extra salt is also encouraged so as to limit the intake of sodium.
Following these dietary tips for COPD can help improve the oxygen levels in the body, which, in turn, reduces the symptoms of the disease. One can also eliminate foods that can lead to bloating; it can reduce any breathing difficulties.